Research have shown that improving nutrition has tremendous advantages for humans, while in humans childhood is the most vulnerable period nutritionally, at the same time it is the period when interventions are most effective and beneficial. Good Nutrition improves the learning potential and well-being of the children and in early life lays the foundation for healthy adulthood and ageing. Education and good nutrition in general strengthen the economy of the country.
Schools are an ideal setting within which to promote health and healthy nutrition for several reasons:
- Schools reach a high proportion of children and adolescent.
- Schools provide opportunities to practice healthy eating and food safety.
- Schools can teach students how to resist unhealthy social pressures since eating is a socially learned behavior that is influenced by social pressures.
- Skilled and personnel are available to provide follow-up and guidance after appropriate training of students, teachers and other school faculty.
- Evaluation show that school based nutrition education can improve young people’s eating habits.
- Schools can provide interventions to improve nutrition in highly cost effective ways.
- Education and healthy nutrition for girls has a positive effect on family health.
- First step of the nutrition counseling is to build a rapport with a client. This can be done by explaining the role of a nutrition educator and ask about any personal health or nutrition related concerns of the client.
- A complete nutrition assessment should be made before education and counseling. Educational goals should be set together with the help of client.
- Counselor and clients should work together to change the dietary intake and overcome nutritional problems shown by the assessment.
- Getting involved in indentifying the problems motivates individuals and helps in modifying required behavior.
- One or two goals selected during a counseling session are a reasonable number for working. Setting too many goals in one session reduces the chance that all of the goals can be achieved. It may also seemed overwhelming and thus discourage the client from trying.
- For each goal that is identified and mutually agreed upon by the client and counselor, several behavior change strategies should be developed. These strategies should be concrete in nature and should be initiated by the client or patient. The client and the health professional should also work together to decide how to determine when the goal is met.
- Follow up session should be scheduled frequently in order to provide feedback and monitor progress toward individual goal.